FarmWater – Glossary of Terms

When our team are on farm, we often cover a lot of detail regarding our systems and technology that include terms and phrases that might not have been heard before. Please see below the FarmWater glossary of terms for more information:

ClO2 – Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2 that exists as a yellowish-green gas above 11 °C, a reddish-brown liquid between 11 °C and −59 °C, and as bright orange crystals below −59 °C. It is an oxidising agent, able to transfer oxygen to a variety of substrates, while gaining one or more electrons via oxidation-reduction (redox). It does not hydrolyze when it enters water, and is usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in water.

Dosing pump – A Dosing Pump is a low flow, controllable, Positive Displacement Pump that delivers a precise, repeatable and measured flow of a variety of fluids such as chemicals, additives, flavourings or medicines into mixing/batching or pumping systems.

Generator – A machine that converts one form of energy into another. A piece of apparatus for producing a gas or vapor.

H2O2 – Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H2O2. In its pure form, it is a very pale blue liquid, slightly more viscous than water. It is used as an oxidiser, bleaching agent, and antiseptic. Concentrated hydrogen peroxide, or “high-test peroxide”, is a reactive oxygen species and has been used as a propellant in rocketry. Its chemistry is dominated by the nature of its unstable peroxide bond.

H2O- Water is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odourless, and nearly colourless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth’s hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. Two hydrogen atoms are attached to one oxygen atom.

Infrastructure – The system of works that resources equipment required for an activity or the underlying foundation or basic framework of a system. Usually a permanent installation.

O– Molecule A molecule may be homonuclear, that is, it consists of atoms of one chemical element, as with two atoms in the oxygen molecule (O2); or it may be heteronuclear, a chemical compound composed of more than one element, as with water (two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom; H2O).

O2 – Molecular oxygen (O2) is a diatomic molecule that is composed of two oxygen atoms held together by a covalent bond. Molecular oxygen is essential for life, as it is used for respiration by many organisms. It’s also essential for fossil fuel combustion.

O3– Ozone or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3. Ozone is a powerful oxidant (far more so than dioxygen) and has many industrial and consumer applications related to oxidation. This same high oxidising potential, however, causes ozone to damage mucous and respiratory tissues in animals, and also tissues in plants, above concentrations of about 0.1 ppm. While this makes ozone a potent respiratory hazard and pollutant near ground level, a higher concentration in the ozone layer (from two to eight ppm) is beneficial, preventing damaging UV light from reaching the Earth’s surface.

PPM – A weight to weight ratio used to describe concentrations. Parts per million (ppm) is the number of units of mass per million units of total mass.

Peristaltic Pump – A peristaltic pump, also commonly known as a roller pump, is a type of positive displacement pump used for pumping a variety of fluids. The fluid is contained within a flexible tube fitted inside a circular pump casing (though linear peristaltic pumps have been made).

Shock Dosing – Shocking means adding larger quantities of chemicals (maybe 5-10 times the normal dose) which temporarily raise the ppm for a short time. You do this to rapidly break down any organic waste, get rid of bacteria and contamination, and boost the water infrastructure. It is also known as super-charging.